Turret versus Broadside
An Anatomy of British Naval Prestige, Revolution and Disaster 1860-1870
Series : Wolverhampton Military Studies #33
Author : Howard Fuller
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General - Pages : 416 | Images : 46 colour & b/w illustrations
Paperback - Date of Publication : January 2021 | Size : 234mm x 156mm | ISBN : 9781913336226 | Helion Book Code : HEL1248
On the 150th anniversary of the capsizing of Britain’s low-freeboard yet fully-masted ironclad, HMS Captain, this widely-researched, intensive analysis of the great ‘Turret versus Broadside’ debate sheds new light on how the most well-funded and professional navy in the world at the height of its power could nevertheless build an ‘inherently unstable’ capital ship.
Utilising an impressive array of government reports, contemporary periodicals, and unpublished personal papers this definitive study crucially provides for the first time both a long-term and international context. The 1860s was a pivotal decade in the evolution of British national identity as well as warship design. Nor were these two elements mutually exclusive. 1860 began gloriously with the launch of Britain’s first ocean-going ironclad, HMS Warrior, but 1870 ended badly with the Captain. Along the way, British public and political faith in the supremacy of the Royal Navy was not reaffirmed as some histories suggest, but wavered. The growing emphasis upon new technologies including ever heavier guns and thicker armour plating for men-of-war was not ‘decisive’ but divisive, as pressure mounted to somehow combine the range of Warrior with the unique protection and hitting power of American monitor-ironclads of the Civil War. As the geopolitical debate over rival ironclad proposals intensified, aggressively-minded Prime Minister Lord Palmerston gradually adopted a non-interventionist foreign policy which surprised his contemporaries. Turret versus Broadside traces the previously unexplored connection between an increasingly schizophrenic Admiralty for and against the Captain, for example, and sabre-rattling mid-Victorians sinking into an era of ‘Splendid Isolation’.
‘A skilful account of a key episode in naval development and procurement. Of major interest to all those concerned with the complexities of technological capability and its interaction with power politics.’ Jeremy Black (University of Exeter), author of War and Technology
‘Howard Fuller’s book about the relative merits of a rotating turret vs. guns mounted in broadside on combat ships not only illuminates a specific concern of 19th century navies—and the Royal Navy in particular, it is also a metaphor about the complexities of embracing technological change in a volatile geopolitical environment, and thus offers valuable lessons for our own time.’ Craig L. Symonds (U.S. Naval War College), author of World War II at Sea: A Global History
"Dr. Fuller teaches us a crucial lesson: that circumstances could be far more effective in underpinning British naval supremacy, even at its height, than Admiralty planning." C. I. Hamilton, author of The Making of the Modern Admiralty: British Naval Policy-Making, 1805-1927