Born in the US, he received his MA and PhD in Slavic Languages from The Ohio State University. Retired since 2009 from US government service, during his 31-year career he was a translator-analyst for the Foreign Research Division of the Library of Congress; taught Russian at the US Army Russian Institute; worked as a translator, editor, and analyst for the Foreign Military Studies Office (formerly the Soviet Army Studies Office) at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas; served as a military-political analyst for Central and East European affairs at SHAPE (NATO’s military branch); and served as a military analyst specialising in US joint and multinational doctrine for the Combined Arms Doctrine Directorate at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. He has served as the documents editor of The Journal of Slavic Military Studies since its founding in 1988, translating numerous Russian-language articles. His publications include the translation of seven USSR General Staff studies dealing with Soviet Army operations on the Eastern Front during the Second World War; The Evolution of Soviet Operational Art; Captured Soviet Generals: The Fate of Soviet Generals Captured by the Germans; and, most recently (2017), The Price of Victory: The Red Army’s Casualties in the Great Patriotic War.
- The Sino-Soviet Border War of 1969 Volume 1 : First Clash at Damansky Island Author