Lebanese Civil War Volume 2
Quiet Before the Storm, 1978-1981
Series : Middle East@War
Not yet published - in Autumn 2021 list
General - Pages : 80 | Images : 70 photos, 6 maps, 18 colour profiles
Paperback - Size : 297mm x 210mm | ISBN : 9781914377150 | Helion Book Code : HEL1397
Formerly known as the ‘Switzerland of the Middle East’, an island of economic stability and social progress, Lebanon was shattered by a civil war that raged from 1975 until 1990. While Volume 1 of this mini-series concentrated on the conflict pitting the central government against different factions and alliances of Christians, Sunni and Shi’a Moslems, leftists, and Israeli and Syrian armed forces from its beginning in 1975 until the Israeli Operation Stone of Wisdom (or Operation Litani) in 1978, Volume 2 continues with the period from 1978 until 1982.
Already equipped with nuclear weapons and with its armed forces beefed up to a size comparable to that of the strength of the active components of the contemporary US Army, and led by politicians pursuing aggressive intentions towards its northern neighbour, Israel gradually established itself in control over much of southern Lebanon and all of Lebanese airspace. In turn, the defiant Syria found itself facing not only a growing insurgency and unrest at home, but also strong opposition inside Lebanon. Moreover, a seemingly endless series of air battles with the Israeli air force exposed a growing technological gap with its primary opponent, forcing it to deploy ever larger contingents of its air defences into the country. After almost culminating in a major war in 1981, the situation was defused through international pressure: nominally at least, a relatively quiet period was to follow before the next storm.
Focusing on military-related developments, and rich in exclusive details and illustrations, Volume 2 of Lebanese Civil War dissects the military forces, their equipment, intention and capabilities, and provides a detailed, blow-by-blow account of their combat operations.