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QUÉBEC UNDER SIEGE. FRENCH EYE-WITNESS ACCOUNTS FROM THE CAMPAIGN OF 1759

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YOU HAVE TO DIE IN PIEDMONT! THE BATTLE OF ASSIETTA, 19 July 1747. THE WAR OF THE AUSTRIAN SUCCESSION IN THE ALPS

FLUXES, FEVERS AND FIGHTING MEN. WAR AND DISEASE IN ANCIEN REGIME EUROPE 1648-1789

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Helion & Company 15th March 2019 Hardback 234mm x 156mm 176 pages 30 b/w maps & graphs

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The proportion of wartime soldiers dying of disease as against combat injury, ran at about 70-75 percent in armies campaigning in Europe in the century and a half (1648-1789) between the end of the Thirty Years War and the French Revolution. During this time, field armies doubled in size and regimes usually fought for limited territorial gains, so it was safest to ‘occupy, entrench, and wait’. Consequently, this was an era of massive and protracted encampments: the Christian army that sat down before Belgrade in 1717 had more mouths than any city within 500 miles, but lacked basic urban amenities like regular markets, wells, privy pits, and night soil collectors. Yet the impact of sickness on military operations has been neglected. This study uncovers how many soldiers sickened and died by consulting quantitative data, such as casualty returns and hospital registers, generated by the new state-contract armies which displaced the mercenary hordes of the Thirty Years’ War. As plague began to recede from Europe, this study explains what exactly were these ‘fluxes and fevers’ that remained to afflict European armies in wartime and argues that they formed a single seasonal continuum that peaked in late summer. The isolation and incarceration of the military hospital characterized the response of the new armies to ‘disorder’ and to revivified notions of contagion. However, the hospital often prolonged the late summer morbidity/mortality spike into mid-winter by generating ‘hospital fever’ or typhus, the lice-borne disease that erupted whenever the cold, wet, hungry, transient, and unwashed huddled together. The cure was the disease. This scope of the study includes French army operations in some of its contiguous campaigning theatres, north Italy (1702 and 1734), the Rhineland (1734), Roussillon (1674), possibly Catalonia (1693), and, further afield, Bohemia (1742). The study also includes three case-studies involving the British army that include Ireland (1689), Portugal (1762), Dutch Brabant (1748), and the Rhineland (1743). The outliers are studies of Habsburg operations in and around Belgrade (1717 and 1737), and Russian operations in Crimea (1736).

Additional Information

Author Pádraig Lenihan
Publisher Helion and Company
ISBN 9781911628514
Date of Publication 15th March 2019
Edition -
Binding Hardback
Book Size 234mm x 156mm
Number of pages 176 pages
Images 30 b/w maps & graphs
Language English text
SKU HEL1045

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