These handbooks were issued to all field units in contact with the enemy in Europe and Africa and were intended for use by all personnel to help them recognise enemy ammunition. Specialist personnel were then trained to handle and disarm/destroy the ammunition so found. Each pamphlet covers a number of items and this issue covers German and Italian ammunition. The German and Italian forces were encountered in North Africa and British and Commonwealth forces were slugging it out along the north coast of that continent.This edition of the pamphlet covers Italian ammunition including rifle and heavy machine gun cartridges and anti-personnel bombs. The German section includes details of the German Butterfly Bomb which was appearing regularly in both the UK and in the desert. One touch and this bomb killed! Also covered are 20mm shell incendiaries and the aircraft incendiary container.Fully illustrated with line drawings.