The officers of arms (kings of arms heralds and pursuivants) have often been overlooked by scholars of late medieval elite society. Yet as officers of the crown ducal courts or noble families they played important parts in a number of areas. They were crucial to foreign and domestic relations and chivalric culture and of course they were to become the powerbrokers of heraldic symbols and genealogy. However despite the high levels at which they operated their roles in these areas remain largely unexplored with scholarship tending to focus on the science of heraldry rather than the heralds themselves. This collection aims to remedy that neglect. The contributions cover a range of European regions (particularly Florence Scandinavia Poland the German Empire the Burgundian Low Countries Brittany Scotland and England) and discuss the diverse roles and experiences of heralds in the late Middle Ages.