The Thirty Years War (1618-48) was the most destructive European conflict prior to the twentieth century. It reduced the population of central Europe by around a quarter and left thousands of towns and villages in ruins. This uniquely comprehensive collection of translated documents covers all aspects of the war in the words and images of those who directly experienced it from the key political and military decision-makers through the middling ranks of officers and envoys to the masses of ordinary soldiers and civilians laity and clergy women and men. Most of the material appears in English for the first time including a variety of previously unpublished archival sources all reproduced in their full original length. The wide range of sources covered includes: state documents treatises diplomatic and private correspondence diaries financial records & artistic evidence. Thematically organised the material is supported by an authoritative introduction a guide to further reading and a full chronology as well as extensive annotations explaining terms and points of detail. The rich source material and essential context that this book provides make it an invaluable resource for students and anyone interested in European and military history.